Open Data is government data that is freely available and can be used, reused, distributed or shared with others without restriction by any individual or entity. According to a 2018 United Nations e-government study, open government data means government information that is proactively disclosed and disseminated and made publicly available online by governments without the restriction of access.
Dissemination of open government data aims to promote transparency in the execution of government transactions, establishes accountability within government agencies, and facilitates public review and evaluation of government performance. Open data helps increase resource efficiency, design delivery channels for customer needs, and create more data-driven functionality. The benefits of open data do not stop there, but they help to make decisions based on specific data on state policies, identify development opportunities, and contribute to the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.